What is a false premise?
False premise: When an argument (valid or not) is based on an assumption or an incorrect statement.
Example: “Should Joe Biden and his son be investigated for their corrupt business dealings in Ukraine?” “
However you answer this question, it requires accepting as a fact that Joe Biden and his son both engaged in “corrupt business operations” in Ukraine, despite the lack of evidence on this. . It also obscures an important distinction: Hunter Biden engaged in business in Ukraine as a private citizen, while the former vice president represented the U.S. government in its dealings with Ukraine. Confusing the two activities – or mistakenly suggesting that the Bidens (father and son) did business in Ukraine together – makes this a false premise.
A deductive argument can only be valid if it is both valid (i.e. the conclusion follows from the premises) and all the premises are true.
Learn more from the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Deductive and Inductive Arguments | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. https://iep.utm.edu/ded-ind/. Accessed September 24, 2021.
“The story behind Biden’s son, Ukraine, and Trump’s claims.” Snopes.Com, https://www.snopes.com/ap/2019/09/23/the-story-behind-bidens-son-ukraine-and-trumps-claims/. Accessed September 24, 2021.
Grive, Glenn and Kenneth P. Vogel. “What Joe Biden actually did in Ukraine.” The New York Times, November 10, 2019. NYTimes.com, https://www.nytimes.com/2019/11/10/us/politics/joe-biden-ukraine.html.
Validity and solidity | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. https://iep.utm.edu/val-snd/. Accessed September 24, 2021.