June 17 in numbers 2021
Juneteenth is the oldest known American celebration of the end of slavery. African Americans and others mark the anniversary much like July 4th, with parties, picnics, and reunions with family and friends.
Juneteenth was promulgated as a national holiday by President Joe Biden on June 17, 2021.
Here’s a look at Juneteenth, also known as Emancipation Day, Freedom Day, and Jubilee Day, in numbers:
46 713 850 – Black or African American (a single race or in combination) in the United States as of 2019, according to the most recent Census Bureau estimate.
3 953 760 – Estimated number of people enslaved in the United States in 1860.
500,000 – Estimated number of free African Americans in the United States in 1860. According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, about half were in the North and half in the South.
Almost 200,000 – African-American men served in the Navy and Army on behalf of the Union during the Civil War.
901 – Days from the publication of the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863 and General Orders, No. 3, informing slaves of their emancipation on June 19, 1865.
158 – Years since January 1, 1863, when President Abraham Lincoln issued the Final Emancipation Proclamation, freeing slaves.
156 – Years since Major-General Gordon Granger (Union Army) first read the proclamation, General Orders, No. 3, in Galveston, Texas, informing slaves of their emancipation, on June 19, 1865.
149 – Age of the world’s oldest June 10 celebration, first held in 1872 at Emancipation Park in Houston.
“Each year, we must remind successive generations that this event triggered a series of events which, one by one, define the challenges and responsibilities of successive generations. That’s why we need this vacation. – Al Edwards (D-Texas), sponsor of the bill.
47 – States with laws or resolutions commemorating June 15. The District of Columbia also commemorates Juneteenth.
41 – Years since January 1, 1980 when Juneteenth became a holiday in Texas. It had been celebrated there informally since 1865.
30.2 – Percentage of the population of Texas comprising slaves, or “slaves”, in 1860.
15 – States where it was legal to enslave people before the Civil War: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia.
13th – Amendment to the US Constitution that abolished slavery.
8 – Consecutive years in which Barack Obama, throughout his presidency, issued a statement to mark June 17: 2009-2016.