July in Georgia History – Encyclopedia of New Georgia

A number of significant historical events occurred in Georgia during the month of July.



The founders of Congregation Mickve Israel, the oldest Jewish congregation in the South, arrived in Savannah.


The Battle of Bloody Marsh, a skirmish between English and Spanish forces on Saint-Simons Island, took place on July 7.



After its defeat in the Revolutionary War, the British army left Savannah on July 11.



Wesleyan College at Macon, the world’s first degree-granting college for women, graduated its inaugural class.



The Georgia Military Institute opened in Marietta and remained open until the end of the Civil War.


During the Atlanta Campaign of the Civil warthe Battle of Atlanta took place on July 22. That same month, Union General William T. Sherman ordered about 400 Factory workers in Roswellmostly women, to be arrested as traitors and shipped with their children as prisoners to the North.

Battle of Atlanta


The Atlanta Constitution published the first story of Uncle Remus by Joel Chandler Harris on July 20.


Thomasville native Henry O. Flipper enrolled in the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, and later became the first African American to graduate from that institution.

Henry O. Flipper
Henry O. Flipper

Courtesy of United States Military Academy West Point


Mormon missionary Joseph Standing was murdered July 21 in Whitfield County while on his way to a church conference.


Elberton was named “Granite City” on July 6 by the Elberton Star newspaper for his role in the granite industry.



The state legislature proposed and approved an amendment to the constitution of the state create the Georgia Court of Appeals.

Motto of the Court of Appeal
Motto of the Court of Appeal

Photograph by S. Sean Barrett


One of the most notorious trials in Georgia history began when Leo Frank was charged in Fulton County Superior Court with the first-degree murder of 13-year-old Mary Phagan.


Asa Candler, former president of the Coca-Cola Company, has donated $1 million to open a new Methodist college. This gift led to the creation of what would become Emory University in Atlanta.


south field, aviator’s website Charles Lindbergfirst solo flight, was built in Sumter County during First World War.

South Field, ca.  1920


Golf great Bobby Jones won the US Open becoming the first golfer to win a Grand Slam.


Communist organizer Angelo Herndon was arrested for trying to incite an insurrection in Atlanta.


Margaret Mitchell sold the film rights to carried away by the wind for $50,000, an unprecedented sum for a first novel.

Margaret Mitchell and Clark Gable


Primus E. King challenged the white primary system in Georgia as he attempted to vote at the Muscogee County Courthouse July 4 in Columbus.


The Atlanta Centers for Disease Control and Prevention was created.



The Atlanta International Raceway (later Atlanta Motor Speedway) hosted its first race on July 31.

Atlanta Motor Speedway

Courtesy of Atlanta Motor Speedway


The Americus movement to protest against segregation in this city began with marches against the Martin Theater.


Martin Luther King jr.

attended the July 2 Civil Rights Bill signing ceremony at the White House.


The Georiga Agrirama (later the Georgia Museum of Agriculture and Historic Village) opened in Tifton.

Hank Aaron, hitting his 755th and final home run, set the all-time record for career home runs on July 20.


US President Jimmy Carter awarded Martin Luther King Jr. the Presidential Medal of Freedom.


The Kings Bay Naval Submarine Base at St. Marys was commissioned.

Kings Bay Submarine
Kings Bay Submarine

Courtesy of Naval Submarine Base Kings Bay


Georgia’s current state constitution went into effect on July 1.


The first Goodwill Games, sponsored by Ted Turner, began in Moscow, Russia.


On July 10, the dedication ceremony for the Centennial Olympic Stadium was held in Atlanta, where the 1996 Olympics would begin three years and nine days later.


The flint river overflowed its shores when Tropical Storm Alberto paused over western Georgia.


by Alton Brown tv cooking show Good food first on the food network.

Celestine Sibley’s latest column for the Atlanta Journal-Constitution raced July 25.

July birthdays

July 31, 1782 Oliver H. Prince, politician

July 9, 1793 Charles McDonald, Governor

July 1810 Nelson Tift, politician

July 2, 1810 Robert Toombs, politician

July 19, 1814 Patrick Hues Mell, religious figure

July 3, 1827 Logan Bleckley, judge

July 9, 1835 William J. Northen, Governor

July 27, 1850 EK Love, religious figure

July 31, 1850 Joel Hurt, businessman

July 16, 1851 Mildred Lewis Rutherford, Confederate memoirist

July 27, 1852 George Foster Peabody, philanthropist

July 5, 1858 Will Harben, writer

July 1863 Walter White, civil rights activist

July 10, 1871 Hugh M. Dorsey, Governor

July 4, 1877 Clifford Walker, Governor

July 6, 1893 William C. Pauley, landscape architect

July 17, 1897 Elbert Parr Tuttle, judge

July 14, 1898 Alexander Brook, artist

July 1, 1899 “Georgia Tom” Dorsey, musician

9 July 1899 Ellamae Ellis League, architect

July 4, 1900 Nellie Mae Rowe, artist

July 6, 1901 Charles McCartney (“Goat Man”), religious figure

July 25, 1903 Walter J. Brown, journalist

July 13, 1905 Ben Shute, artist

July 4, 1908 St. EOM, artist

22 July 1912 RA Miller, artist

July 29, 1912 Clarence Jordan, religious figure

July 17, 1914 Culver Kidd, politician

July 3, 1918 Ernest Vandiver Jr., Governor

July 17, 1924 Olive Ann Burns, writer

July 11, 1925 Mattiwilda Dobbs, musician

July 18, 1927 Slater King, civil rights activist

July 22, 1927 Edward J. Cashin, historian

July 29, 1927 Horace T. Ward, civil rights activist

July 28, 1928 Leroy Johnson, civil rights activist

July 1, 1933 Jean Childs Young, educator

July 8, 1941 Hamilton Holmes, civil rights activist

July 22, 1941 James H. Blanchard, businessman

July 11, 1947 Francine Reed, musician

July 5, 1950 Earl T. Shinhoster, civil rights activist

July 13, 1953 Greg Johnson, writer

July 4, 1961 Margaret Edson, writer

July 30, 1962 Alton Brown, television personality

July 22, 1963 Emily Saliers of the Indigo Girls, musician

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