Islamic State’s Pakistani province launches new jihadist magazine
The first Urdu magazine of the Pakistani province of the Islamic State (IS-P) called Yalghar (Invasion) was posted at the end of April 2021 on social media accounts that regularly distribute IS-P propaganda material. The magazine is the IS-P’s first indigenous propaganda product. The IS-P propaganda materials were also not as attractive and original as the materials of its parent group, IS Khorasan Province (IS-K). On the contrary, IS-P mainly translated the central propaganda materials of the Islamic State (IS) from Arabic and English into Urdu.
IS Central established IS-P in May 2019 by dividing IS-K into branches for India, Pakistan and Afghanistan.  Since then, the IS-P has struggled to establish itself in Pakistan and has not capitalized on local dynamics to benefit from support in the country (urdu bbc, January 15). 
Usefulness of jihadist magazines for IS-P
The history of the propaganda efforts of jihadist groups in Pakistan shows that magazines have always been an effective part of their recruitment of potential support bases in the country. Although the IS-P has shown no significant presence in Pakistan’s urban centers, its propaganda efforts could give it strong support in those areas in the long run.  For example, al-Qaeda unofficially published its first monthly magazine in Urdu for Pakistan, Nawai Afghan Jihad (NAJ) (Voice of Afghan Jihad), August 2008. Since then, NAJ has been published as an “independent” jihadist magazine for Afghanistan and Pakistan.  
The quality of the magazine has improved over time and its propaganda content has become very sophisticated. Finally, in August 2019, the regional franchise of al Qaeda, Al Qaeda in the Indian Subcontinent (AQIS), which includes the South Asian region from Pakistan to India, Kashmir, Bangladesh and Myanmar, officially declared JAN as its official spokesperson.  However, later evidence reveals that senior Pakistani al Qaeda officials began JAN and remained its founding figures in Pakistan after September 11. Al Qaeda did not strategically officially label NAJ as its own official magazine despite only promoting Al Qaeda stories in Pakistan. 
As Yalghar, NAJ the first issue only had 16 pages of shoddy content. JAN nonetheless helped al-Qaeda channel highly educated young Pakistanis to its training camps in Waziristan.  Some of them then played a central role in the transformation JAN in a sophisticated propaganda branch of the group in Pakistan, and JAN remains al Qaeda’s main brand for Pakistan-related propaganda. 
A look inside Yalghar Content
The 30 pages Yalghar The magazine contains ten articles, an editorial and two infographics, which cover topics on ISIS in Pakistan, Afghanistan and Syria. One infographic covers recent ISIS attacks in Pakistan and India, and the other promotes a series of ISIS propaganda videos. The magazine encourages readers to send their suggestions and articles via an email listed on its last page.
Five of the articles concern ISIS groups in Khorasan, Pakistan and Syria, and the remaining articles focus on ISIS ideology and Islamic history. Most of this content was previously published by official ISIS media in English or Arabic. This first issue, however, lacks engaging content on ISIS activities in Pakistan. The two IS-P related articles are duplicates of old propaganda material. The first of two articles includes the interview of the founding Emir of IS-K Hafiz Saeed Khan Orakzai with the official IS English magazine, Dabiq, which was published in its thirteenth issue in January 2016.  The excerpt contains Orakzai’s general advice to ISIS members and supporters in Khorasan.
The second of the two articles is a transcription of an Urdu statement by an IS-P commander from a documentary released by the group. Nida-i-Haq Urdu (Voice of the Truth) media center in January 2021 (Archives, January 12). The video concerned Shiite Hazara coal miners who were brutally killed by the group on January 2 in the city of Mach, in Pakistan’s southern province of Balochistan.Dawn, January 5). The only significant information regarding the IS-P was its recent assassination of the Afghan Taliban commander, Naik Muhammad Rehbar, in the provincial capital of Pakistan’s Khyber Pukhtoonkhawa province (Activist leadership monitor, May 3). Rehbar played a central role in eliminating IS Khorasan from the Afghan province of Nangarhar, which remains the traditional stronghold of ISIS (Arab News, April 20).
Discredit the Afghan Taliban and al-Qaeda
Like other IS-K and IS-P propaganda materials, this magazine has also repeatedly criticized ISIS’s main regional jihadist rival, the Afghan Taliban, accusing its members of being minions of the Pakistani spy agency Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI). In addition to the Afghan Taliban, the magazine also criticizes ISIS global jihadist rival al-Qaeda for its silence on the arrests and suffering of female ISIS members in Syria following the collapse of the group’s territorial caliphate in 2019. The magazine mocked those protesting against Afia Siddiqui. captivity in an American prison, arguing that these people only care about the suffering of a Muslim woman at the hands of “infidels” but have neglected thousands of others facing more inhumane situations in Syria. This propaganda could be particularly targeted against AQIS, which often protests against the imprisonment of Afia Siddiqui and uses it as a regular theme in its propaganda materials for recruitment purposes.
A final article admits ISIS losses in Afghanistan, claiming that the group has lost its dominance and all of its territory there, which it claims to have controlled for several years. However, the author of the article boasts that a day will come when ISIS will once again rise up in the country and take revenge on behalf of all its slain and oppressed members.
 Abdul Sayed and Tore Hamming, “The Renaissance of the Pakistani Taliban”, CTC Sentry, 14: 4 (2021).
 Mikail Shaikh, “The Islamic State or Daesh in Pakistan in 2020”, Conflict and Peace Studies, Flight. 13, number. 1, p. 105-124.
 With the announcement of ISIS’s so-called Islamic caliphate in June 2014, many Pakistani jihadists and young Islamists joined IS-K. They moved to its strongholds in the Afghan provinces of Kunar and Nangarhar. The founding Pakistani leadership of the IS-K was killed soon after in counterterrorism operations by US and Afghan forces which resulted in the transformation of the IS-K leadership from Pakistanis to Afghans. IS-K’s brutal wars with the Afghan Taliban and intense counterterrorism operations against the group in Afghanistan have led to a decline in its recruitment in Pakistani urban centers. In an interview with the author in January 2021, a leading expert on IS-K, Professor Amira Jadoon, also said that creating a separate Pakistani chapter from IS could be to capitalize on local opportunities. in Pakistan, which IS-K failed to achieve. due to the various challenges faced by the group in Afghanistan. In this context, the IS-P, since its inception in May 2019, has however failed to establish its footprint in Pakistani urban centers, which had provided a significant number of recruits to the IS-K in its early days. years.
 AQIS previously announced a name change Nawai Afghan Jihad at Nawai Ghazwai Hind (Voice of the Battle Against India) directly when the Afghan Taliban signed a peace accord with the United States in Doha, Qatar on February 29, 2020. This name change was followed by the announcement of the ‘AQIS that the American and allied “invaders” are withdrawing from Afghanistan, the group was now to focus on jihad against India. For more details see, Nawai Afghan Jihad, Number 3, Vol 13, March 2020.
 Nawai Afghan Jihad, number 1, vol 1, August 2008.
 AQIS press release, PR_104_AQS, August 25, 2019, “Recirculation of the Nawai Afghan Jihad through a new editorial board”, Nawai Afghan Jihad, Vol.12, Issue.8, p.6.
 “Editorials published in Nawai Afghan Jihad Part 1,” (Nawai Afghan Jihad publications: July 2019).
 An unpublished data set prepared by the author includes 180 biographical details of Pakistani al Qaeda cadres after 9/11. These biographies were published / broadcast by official al-Qaeda media in text and audio-video format from 2008 to 2020.
 A good example here is a current senior AQIS media official, Moeenuddin Shami, who joined al-Qaida in Waziristan in 2009 and was appointed to the Pakistani media and propaganda branch of al-Qaida and has then been assigned Nawai Afghan Jihad responsibilities. For more details, see Moeenuddin Shami, “With Ustad Farooq”, Nawai Afghan Jihad, Vol.10, Issue.10, pp-26-27.
 “Interview with Wali from Khurasan,” Dabiq, Issue 13, p. 48-54.