Iron Age Tepe Hasanlu undergoes restoration
TEHRAN – Tepe Hasanlu, an important Iron Age site in northwestern Iran, has undergone rehabilitation work, the historic site manager said.
A budget of one billion rials (about $ 24,000 at the official exchange rate of 42,000 rials to the dollar) has been allocated for the project, Hassan Shiri said on Saturday.
The project involves reinforcing architectural remains with cob materials, removing disturbing vegetation, building the sand path and repairing and painting office buildings, the official added.
The historic site, which was inscribed on the National Heritage List in 1965, has become a national site for research and scientific activities, he explained.
Located a short distance south of Lake Urmia, Tepe Hasanlu consists of a 25m high central mound with massive fortifications. It is believed that the site was once a citadel surrounded by cobbled streets and an outer town with houses, stables and temples.
The magnificent ‘Gold Bowl of Hasanlu’
Tepe Hasanlu is best known for a thousand-year-old gold bowl discovered in 1958 by an Iranian named Emamqoli Mohammadi Hasanluei in the debris of a burned-out building, part of the site’s main architectural complex.
Engraved with images of gods and rituals, a stone cylinder with gold caps, a rolled ivory figurine and a sword hilt with a bronze hilt, Hasanlu’s golden bowl is named after the man who discovered it almost 3,000 years later not far from a skeletal hand of an individual who had fled with the coin in the late 9th century BC.
Some evidence suggests that when the citadel of Hasanlu was under heavy siege, some soldiers were able to enter the citadel by seizing a handful of precious treasures, including the precious gold bowl. The hypothesis suggests that the entire building collapsed due to a fire, crushing the warriors and their precious possessions under layers of debris. And here they stayed for about 3,000 years until the revolutionary discovery in 1958.
However, due to the lack of written records, very little is known about the people of Hasanlu and their invaders.
Among the most important objects found at Hasanlu were an unusually decorated silver bowl, several iron clothes pins led by bronze lions, a solid gold bowl, a cloisonne gold knife handle, and two horse heads. in hollow bronze which were used to contain liquids.
According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, Hasanlu was inhabited from around 2100 to around 825 BC. The period, often called “Mannean” after the name of the inhabitants of the region, is characterized by gray pottery accompanied by black and red varieties, the black ceramic being of a much finer quality and probably produced in imitation. of metal vases.
Experts say parallels to the patterns on the Hasanlu artefacts have been found in Elam, Assyria, northern Syria and Urartu, indicating that Iran has not only received considerable cultural and artistic stimuli from others. regions, but also exerted an influence on them.
Hasanlu’s Gold Bowl is kept at the National Museum of Iran in downtown Tehran.
ABU / AFM