Iranian Salt Mummies Museum to be equipped with new air conditioning system
TEHRAN – A new air conditioning system will be installed at the Zolfaqari Archaeological Museum, known worldwide for housing several magnificent ancient salt mummies and their belongings.
The installation of a variable refrigerant flow (VRF) system is to start soon on the basis of a memorandum of understanding that the Directorate of Cultural Heritage and Tourism of the Province of Zanjan has signed with the Ruhr-Universität Bochum and the Frankfurt Archaeological Museum, said provincial tourism chief Amir Arjmand. Saturday.
“We will no longer worry about keeping and protecting the salt men in a stable and ideal state due to the use of a central control system and the presence of several sensors inside the display cases and rooms. “, explained the official,” reported CHTN.
“The credit needed to install the VRF system in the museum is one billion tomans, the full cost of which will be paid by the University of Bochum,” he added.
Last year, a team of experts from the two countries launched a project to purify, cleanse and restore the clothing and personal effects of the mummies that were first found in the salt mine in 1993. In In addition, a joint salt men exhibition titled “Death in Salt” was held in Iran and Germany.
What was a disaster for the former miners has become a sensation for science. Sporting a long white beard, iron knives and a single gold earring, the first salt mummy was discovered in 1993. It is believed to be trapped in the mine in ca. 300 CE. In 2004, another mummy was discovered just 50 feet away, followed by another in 2005 and a “teenage” mummy later in the year.
In 1993, miners at the Douzlakh salt mine, near the villages of Hamzehli and Chehrabad in Zanjan province, accidentally stumbled upon a mummified head. The head was very well preserved, as its pierced ear still held the gold earring. His hair, beard and mustache were reddish, and his impressive leather boot still contained parts of his leg and foot, according to the Encyclopedia of Ancient History.
The first mummy, nicknamed “the salt man”, is on display at the National Museum of Iran in Tehran. He still looks very impressive. The third, fourth and fifth “men of salt” have also been carbon dated. The third body was dated and placed in 2337 BP, the fourth body in 2301 BP, and the fifth mummy was dated 2286 BP, placing them all in the Achaemenid period.
Isotopic analysis of the human remains revealed where these miners came from. Some of them came from the Tehran-Qazvin plain, which is relatively close to the mine locality, while others came from northeastern Iran and the coastal areas around the Caspian Sea, and some from as far away as Central Asia.
Additionally, archaeozoological findings, such as animal bones found in the context of saltworks, have shown that miners may also have eaten sheep, goats, and possibly pigs and cattle. Recorded archaeobotanical finds have shown that various cultivated plants were consumed, indicating an agricultural establishment near the mine.
The richness of the fabrics and other organic materials (leather) worn by the salt workers made it possible to undertake an in-depth analysis, detailing the resources used to make the fabrics, the treatment, the dyes used to color the fibers of the clothes, and not least. they provide excellent insight into changes in fabric types, weaving patterns, and fiber changes over time.
Saltman No. 5 had tapeworm eggs from Taenia sp. kind in his system. These were identified during the study of his remains. The finding points to the consumption of raw or undercooked meat, and it is the first case of this parasite in ancient Iran and the first evidence of ancient intestinal parasites in the region. The best-preserved and possibly the most heartbreaking No. 4 salt cellar is the No. 4 Saltman. A sixteen-year-old minor, surprised at the moment of death, crushed by a landslide.